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Issue 2013/3

© EXARC, 2013; ISSN: 2212-8956; Publishing date: November 15, 2013

The EXARC Journal consists of  Mixed Matters articles, which are open access. The other articles are peer-reviewed and for members only. They will become open access 2 years after the publishing date. From November 15th 2015, all articles in this issue are open access.

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Archaeological Open-Air Museum

People Want Quality and They are Willing to Pay for it

Henrik Zipsane (SE)
The international and European notion of cultural and creative industries has not shown much appreciation of the potential of the cultural sector, especially the heritage sector. This may or may not be fair, but the perspective in the conclusions from KEA studies on cultural economy and creativity has been symptomatic for the European approach (KEA 2006; 2009)...

Experimental Archaeology

From Wax to Metal: An Experimental Approach to the Chaîne Opératoire of the Bronze Disk from Urdiñeira

Aaron Lackinger,
Beatriz Comendador (ES)
7th UK EA Conference Cardiff 2013
***The so-called ‘Treasure of A Urdiñeira‘ (A Gudiña, south-east of the province of Ourense, Spain) consists of an assemblage of three metal artefacts: two gold bracelets and a bronze button or disk, dated from the transition between the Late Bronze Age and the Early Iron Age...

The Reconstruction of the Danubian Neolithic House and the Scientific Importance of Architectural Studies

Anick Coudart (US)

1987 ESF Proceedings
The 1980s was the beginning of a boom in the construction of archaeologically inspired buildings inside and outside archaeological open-air museums.
***"A topic of research both particularly fertile and constraining because it demands the one never - except provisionally - separates the material from the social and the mental" Isac Chiva 1987

Copper + Tin + People: Public Co-Smelting Experimentation in Northwestern Iberia

Aaron Lackinger (ES)
7th UK EA Conference Cardiff 2013
***In the present paper an experiment made in north-western Iberia for producing bronze using local ores and similar techniques to those perhaps practiced by the ancient prehistoric metallurgists during Bronze Age is described...

Living Conditions and Indoor Air Quality in a Reconstructed Viking House

Jannie Marie Christensen (DK)
7th UK EA Conference Cardiff 2013
***During the winter of 2011 and 2012 an archaeological indoor environment experiment was conducted in two reconstructions of the same house from the Viking Age built in Denmark. The purpose of the experiment was to examine the living conditions inside the houses during 15 weeks in wintertime...

Ancient Technology

Hunting with Cane: Traditional Cherokee Blowguns and Darts

Doug Meyer (US)
One of the most misrepresented hunting tools of the Southeastern United States is the blowgun. Most people do not realize that virtually every tribe in the Southeast used the blowgun for hunting small game. No on really knows the origin of the blowgun in the Southeast...

Acorn Bread in Iron Age of North-western Iberia, from Gathering to Baking

Estevo Amado Rodríguez (ES)
7th UK EA Conference Cardiff 2013
***Strabo's Geography is one of the main sources that archaeologists use for the study of the Castro Culture’s (Iron Age in north-western Iberia) customs on food and consumption. In his description, he affirms that during two thirds of the year, those mountaineers fed on the acorn. The archaeological evidence shows that these people were mainly farmers...
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