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Issue 2013/1

© EXARC, 2013; ISSN: 2212-8956; Publishing date: February 15, 2013

The EXARC Journal consists of Mixed Matters articles, which are open access. The other articles are peer-reviewed and for members only over the period of 2 years after publishing date.  In this issue we have an article featured in the Wall Street Journal - Recreating the Fonseca Hairstyle by Janet Stephens (US)

From February 15th 2015, all articles in this issue are open access.

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Archaeological Open-Air Museum

Gene Fornby - The Ancient Village of Gene

Carl L. Thunberg (SE)
The open-air museum Gene Fornby (The Ancient Village of Gene - author’s translation) is an archaeological reconstruction completed in 1991 that is based on the excavation of a nearby ancient settlement dated mainly to the Roman Iron Age and the Migration Period. For many years now, the politicians of the City Council of Örnsköldsvik have been debating on the ‘use’ of Gene Fornby...

Experimental Archaeology

Experimental Lime Burning Based on the Findings from the Roman Empire Period

Richard Thér,
David Maršálek (CZ)

In 2006 the remains of two lime kilns from the Roman Empire period were discovered in Tuněchody near Chrudim in the Czech Republic. These finds became the object of a detailed multidisciplinary research project resulting in hypotheses on the use of the kilns. Based on these hypotheses experimental research was designed (Thér et al. 2010)...

The Quality of the Craft

Paul Eklöv Petersson (SE)
In this study the sustainability of crucibles used during the Scandinavian Bronze Age is tested. Due to the crucible’s high or low sustainability the idea of it being a disposable object may be ratified or discarded. Earlier experiments focusing on the casting process in Scandinavian Bronze Age have concluded that crucibles such as the ones used during Bronze Age were disposable objects due to low sustainability...

Ancient Technology

Drying Meat Today as During the Late Glacial Period

Edoardo Ratti,
Valeria Cosma (IT)
Western Europe during the Upper Palaeolithic, between 42,000 years ago and 12,000 years ago, was sparsely wooded, but later there was an increase in the percentage of specimens of birch, abies, fagus and tilia hosting wildlife similar to that already present during the Middle Palaeolithic. With the recent phase, starting from 24,000 years ago, humans in this territory become specialized in hunting reindeer...

Recreating the Fonseca Hairstyle

Janet Stephens (US)
Roman women’s hairstyles of the late first century AD are notable for their voluminous frontal hair. Described by Juvenal as “tiers upon tiers” of curls (Sat. 6. 502-3), and by Martial as a “circle of hair” (Ep. 2.66.1) the development of this style is epitomized by the portrait of an anonymous woman known as the Fonseca bust...


Crafting the Past: Theory and Practice of Museums

Katherine Ambry Linhein Muller (US)
How do we know something is real? We say something exists when it is tangible and we can touch it; it is factual when we can compare it to other known variables, and historic when it fulfils our expectation of the past. There are objects and activities that blur these categories and cause people to accept alternative histories...
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