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Issue 2012/1

© EXARC, 2012; ISSN: 2212-8956; Publishing date: January 15, 2012

Before you stands our first online issue of the EXARC Journal.
The EXARC Journal consists of Mixed Matters articles, which are open access. The other articles are peer-reviewed and the first two years after publishing date remain for members only.

From January 15th 2014, all articles in this issue are open access.

If you would like to see our most recent articles, please Become EXARC Member.

Archaeological Open-Air Museum

Butser Ancient Farm

Maureen Page (UK)

Nestled among the rolling hills of the South Downs National Park, Butser Ancient Farm in Chalton has been an archaeological research site since 1972. The farm was originally set up on Little Butser, a spur of Butser Hill. It was established with support from the Council for British Archaeology...

Roseldorf rekonstruiert

Jan Olofsson (SE)

This review concerns the article "Roseldorf rekonstruiert – Ein keltischen Heiligtums entsteht in Asparn an der Zaya" published in EuroREA 6/2009.
Left - a photo of the idol of Cernunnos placed inside the temple... But does he recognise his surroundings?

Experimental Archaeology

The Theory of the Archaeological Raft: Motivation, Method, and Madness in Experimental Archaeology

P.J. Capelotti (US)

Between 1947 and 2006, nearly forty expeditions set out in recreated maritime drift vessels to demonstrate hypotheses with varying levels of relevance to archaeology and cultural diffusion. This paper divides the motivations of these expeditions into four major categories...

Contribution to the medieval building technology based on the reconstruction of a rounded church

Ákos Nemcsics (HU)

This article presents the experimental archaeological project to build a medieval rotunda reconstruction using rough stone building technology. Here, a medieval rotunda reconstruction is presented by contemporary building technology...

"But if you don't get any IRON..." Towards an effective method for small iron smelting furnaces

Darrell Markewitz (CA)

Few ancient processes are as mysterious as smelting ore into metallic iron. Just how, exactly, is this done? The exact processes used by the ancients are unknown, but modern experiments can suggest some possibilities...

The experiment and the umbrella - 10 years of experimental archaeology

Marianne Bloch Hansen (DK)

There seems to be two main discussions: one is of the term experimental archaeology as an overall title covering several activities, and the other, a discussion of the definition of the experiment by categories and terminology...

Anatomy of Prehispanic Bells - Study of an Ancient Lost Process

Raúl Ybarra (MX)

The elaboration of bells in the Prehispanic Era was of great importance due to the special meaning attributed to them in religious ceremonies. Today, knowledge of the techniques that were used in their fabrication is scant and lacking in detail. For that reason, the objective of the present study was to carry out a morphological study of bells from western Mexico...

Ancient Technology

What’s in an experiment? Roman fish sauce: an experiment in Archaeology

Sally Grainger (UK)

In the summer of 2009 I was engaged in the preliminary preparations for extensive experiments to manufacture fish sauces for my MA dissertation in Archaeology at Reading University. In my previous research into Roman food, it was clear that it was not going to be possible to truly understand ancient cuisine without...

WEA’s latest life experiment

Jaco Schilp (NL)

The WEA, Society for Experimental Archaeology, is a sub-society of the NJBG, the Dutch Historical Youth Association. It is formed by youngsters aged 12 to 26 who enjoy participating in several aspects of living history. WEA offers them a chance to learn about history, set up their own archaeological experiments, and the opportunity to participate in living history for example by learning a traditional craft...

Interpretation

Varus and the Lost Legions in Sagnlandet Lejre - A re-enactment success?

Ane Jepsen (DK)

In July 2009 a battle took place in Sagnlandet Lejre, in the heart of Zealand in Denmark. The battle was a dramatized re-enactment of the historical battle of Teutoburg forest in Niedersachsen in the year 9 AD - also known as the Varus Battle. Why should such a re-enactment event take place in Denmark - over 100 kilometres from the presumed site of the historic battle?...

Presenting Medieval Gambling and Pub Life

Zsuzsanna Sőregi (HU)

There are many legendary games in the Middle Ages with professed losses of clothes, horses and, what is more, whole estates, and even halves of kingdoms. But was money really the most important part of gambling?...

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